Insecurity was once restricted mostly to Northern Nigeria, but it has already spread throughout the country. To understand what we mean by insecurity, we must first understand what causes it. You cannot escape the fact that there must be an effect for every cause. Insecurity is a result of something. It is the result of anything, whether present or not. You can employ traditional ways or any approach you find online, but first and foremost, what is the source of the problem? Insecurity is a result of something, we confess. There is something among us that is either present or absent.
Causes of insecurity in Nigeria
At the Religious Point:
In Nigeria, the lack of forgiveness is the fundamental source of insecurity. It began in the north. You might blame it on Boko Haram at that point, but there was something else going on that made people feel unsafe. Prior to Mohammed Yusuf, there was Maitasine, who, on the whole, did not forgive or could not forgive fellow Muslims for not being the kind of Muslim he was. The other kind of Muslim, on the other hand, could not forgive him. Then there was Yusuf, who preached his own version of Islam. In general, he could not forgive non-Muslims for being who they were, and they did not forgive him for being who he was.
At the Political Point:
The most deadly form of insecurity is when the majority feels endangered because the majority has the ability to fight back, whether by military, economic, or intellectual means. The problem of insecurity grows when the majority feels threatened. That is precisely what occurred during the Nigerian Civil War. You have a response to Ojukwu’s insecurity when the Federal Government felt threatened, and it is instability battling insecurity. Who is causing the insecurity in Nigeria today, and what is the solution?
We are all to blame for the country’s instability because we feel threatened, and when the greater force responds, it is either submit or perish! I want to emphasize that this phenomenon exists on a personal and domestic levels. When a wife feels uncomfortable at home, she will do things that make her husband feel uneasy, and the husband’s response may be roughness or the divorce. The only remedy is forgiveness, which comes from the mind, regardless of what instrument you can employ in response to the issue. The response is different when the mind feels safe, secure, and unafraid.
When a person’s thinking is insecure, that insecurity is projected onto someone else. You are fighting that person on whom you projected your insecurities because he is not who you think he should be, believe it or not. Muslims fight Christians over the right to call themselves Christians. For his Muslim identity, the Christian will battle the Muslim. And for the married couple, question of regret such as, “this is not the type of husband or woman I intended to marry”, often occurs. Truth be told, the source of insecurity is the mind.
Identity Point of view:
In Nigeria, who you are, where you come from is a major defining factor in your life’s journey. You could be the most educated, most intelligent person with the best idea to solving the nation’s enigma but, if your identity is not within the ruling class in Nigeria, everything you have upstairs to offer to the nation is as good as nothing. Because, no one would give you the platform to showcase your talent and as far as they are concerned, you know nothing. However, one that is a stack illiterate with lowest of all thinking faculty could be seen controlling the affairs in government and you would begin to wonder how such a person got there. The answer is simple – he identifies (hails from) with those that had been steering the affairs of Nigeria since its independence.
Furthermore, herdsmen have the right to move their livestock anywhere (even in busy highways of Lagos and Abuja) within Nigeria for grazing regardless whose ox is gored. They trample upon rights, damage farmlands and properties, wield assault rifles on their shoulders, kill, maim and rape helpless victims. Yet, up until now, they still have a field day and no one has been brought to book because they identify with the ruling class. It had been this way for over a century now and it will continue to be until there is a shift in the political sphere which had been nothing more than who you are and where you are from kind of polity.
In the Niger-Delta, groups agitating for a fair course – resource control, are labelled as terrorists, while a repentant Boko Haram (an Islamic terrorist sect) member is parted in the back and given a welcome-back party to be integrated into the society just like that.
Also, in the South-East, secessionists are being gunned down for agitating for a self-governance. And during the #ENDSARS protest (20/10/20) peaceful protesters were maimed by the Nigerian Army (directive from the Presidency) and corpses were confiscated so as to hide the act from the rest of the world. What was their offence?
Being who they are is the sole offence. I do not think I need to go much further. It gets to the point when he says, “He is Igbo”. Whether he has personally committed any wrongdoing or not, he is Igbo. “He is Fulani”, say the police; “release him with immediate effect, this is an order from above”, they conclude. Whether or not he has committed a crime, his identity has already condemned or redeemed him. That is the attitude.
There is currently tension in the military barracks, comparable to what existed in the 1960s prior to the war (Civil War).Sources within the military revealed that Igbo officers, Yoruba officers, and Northern officers can no longer sit together in the barracks. That is because they are afraid. Why do they feel threatened? Because of their individuality (Identity).
The Forgiveness concept of peace
There is a solution when the offended offers the perpetrator peace. The victor’s peace is not peace. Is it not true that Nigeria defeated Biafra? They also agreed to a peace treaty accompanied with the 3Rs (Rehabilitation, Reconstruction and Reintegration) in 1970 by General Yakubu Gowon, Rtd. Has this quelled Biafra agitation? There is usually no peace until the offended offers peace. Nigeria needs Biafra to offer peace. Nigeria must forgive Biafra. It is not only Biafra. Those who believe the Nigerian government has offended them. You can suppress them today, but they will spring up again tomorrow.
Why did Fredrick Luggard join the north and south of Nigeria into one? Many people today are constantly regretting what might have been. Peace is a tremendous duty for those who have been wronged. The victor’s peace is not always peace. They will never be able to forget their hatred. They are compelled to accept what is provided to them because they have no other choice. They will fight whenever they believe they have a chance to retaliate. The Igbo are doing exactly that. Remember Colonel Phillip Effiong’s words when he signed the Biafra surrender instruments: “We are a people defeated”. We are at war over a boundary issue all down the line, including, in our communities; the tension in the room grows, there are a few deaths. Today, the government and the army may intervene and enforce a measure of peace. When you do not eradicate that thinking, the mind will continue to believe I have been wounded and cheated. Peace will seize to exist still.
To be honest, in today’s Nigeria, the risk of losing power is the biggest threat to Hausa/Fulani. That, my friend, is the root of Nigeria’s insecurity. These few power-drunk individuals feel that by brandishing their swords against other entities that make up Nigeria, they can keep others at bay while steering Nigeria’s trajectory to their benefit and eliminating the rest. Who has power determines how civil society is structured. There will be tension and bloodshed if power is used to restrict the outsider. Peace can be achieved when power is used to bring people together.
To offer yourself or someone else what you know is healthy for you is the sole definition of forgiveness. This is why the greatest book ever written stated that whatever you want someone to do to you, you must first do it to them. This is divine justice: if you desire peace, provide peace. Do unto others as you would like to be treated. Even if your brother is in office and is not treating you the way you would want him to treat you, if you were in his shoes, treat him the way you would like to be treated.
But, in the case of the Hausa/Fulani who believe that they are born to rule hence, hold on to power at all cost, a more drastic measure that might include the use of force may be taken since previous approaches by others (whom they consider inferior) had failed.
Surprisingly, the most serious challenge to Hausa/Fulani predominance may not come from southern Nigeria. Some Hausa leaders may believe that the Fulani (who have been their rulers for long now) have done them more harm than good, that they are being persecuted excessively for the Fulani’s crime of conduct or omission, that is high time they removed themselves, causing the Fulani to lose their majority. Also, many people in the South are oblivious of the distinction between the Hausa and the Fulani; the Fulani are the rulers. Even the Hausa are subjected to oppression. There is not a single Hausa man in the North who is an Emir; they come from a lineage, as long as they can trace their ancestors back to Usman Dan Fodio. In Kwara state’s Ilorin, a place in south-west where the majority are Yoruba, it is being ruled by a Fulani Emir. You would begin to wonder/ask why is it so? History has it that Fulani were welcomed there with open arms but along the line, the Fulani stylishly took over that city, imposed their Emir, culture and tradition on the people and killed those that opposed them. Till date, if you had ever been to Ilorin in Kwara state, you would think that you are in Kano/Katsina state.
The agenda of Usman Dan Fodio (Fulani’s forefather) is being carried out by the present-day generation of Fulani which includes taking over of Nigeria and that is the hidden message behind the purported nationwide cattle ranching in Nigeria.
It is worthy to note that all the Fulani need is a tiny portion of your land to taking over the whole. They are known to spread like a virus and in no time, from being a unit, they turn thousands, tens of thousands until they cannot be contained anymore
NOTE: This article was not written to instigate anything arbitrary to the law. Instead, it was written to awaken the minds of the minorities within the boundary of Nigeria, how we got here and who/what is truly behind the current insecurity threatening to tear the nation apart.